Have you heard about HTTP and HTTPS? Do you know both are different? If not, then don't worry. Board Infinity will answer your every question.

In this article, we will discuss the difference between HTTP and HTTPS. The urls that start with http:// or https:// may be visible if you glance at the address bar of an internet browser. The web server and the browser use both of these protocols to share information about a certain website. Now, you might be thinking, what are protocols? Let us understand what they are.

Protocol: What is It?

We utilize protocols, or sets of rules, for particular objectives. When discussing protocols in the present, communication—the manner in which we speak to one another—is what is meant. For instance, if a newsreader speaks in English, you can comprehend them since you are familiar with the language. The language used is English.

The protocol becomes useless as soon as the newsreader begins speaking in a language you are unfamiliar with. As a result, in order for communication to occur, both sides must accept a set of rules. In this situation, the protocol governs communication. So there are two primarily used protocols HTTP, and another one is HTTPS. So, let us discuss the HTTP protocol.

HTTP: What is It?

Hypertext Transfer Protocol is what is known as an HTTP. Different communication systems can communicate with each other thanks to the HTTP protocol. When a user submits an HTTP request through their browser, the web server sends the user the requested information in the form of web pages. We can sum up by saying that the HTTP protocol enables us to send data from the server to the client.

Located above the TCP layer, HTTP is an application layer protocol. For the web browsers and servers to communicate with one another, it has provided some standard rules.

An HTTP connection is lost after the transaction between the web browser, and the server is complete because HTTP is a stateless protocol, and each transaction is carried out independently without being aware of the previous transactions.

HTTPS: What is It?

HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure in its full form. The security of the data is provided through the HTTP protocol, not by the HTTP protocol itself. As a result, HTTPS is a secure implementation of the HTTP protocol. This protocol enables the transmission of encrypted data. The use of the HTTPS protocol is primarily necessary when entering bank account information.

The HTTPS protocol is typically utilized in situations where we need to enter login information. Both the HTTP and HTTPS protocols, as well as how they are marked in modern browsers like Chrome, are marked differently. HTTPS uses the Transport Layer Security encryption protocol, which is also known as a Secure Sockets Layer informally, to provide encryption. This protocol makes use of the asymmetric public key infrastructure method and employs the two separate keys listed below:

  • Private key: The web server used by the proprietor of a website houses this key.
  • It decrypts data that has been encrypted using a public key.
  • Public key: Anyone can access this key. The data is transformed into an encrypted format.

Let us look at the difference between HTTP and HTTPS.

Difference Between HTTP and HTTPS

Here are the differences between them.


In this article, we have discussed the difference between HTPP and HTTPS. We have discussed what they are. Information can be transmitted on the World Wide Web in accordance with a set of guidelines provided by HTTP. In contrast, HTTPS is a very sophisticated and secure variant of HTTP.