Software testing is the process of verifying and validating the software's behavior and operation.

Verification is the process of confirming that the software was created and developed in accordance with the given specifications.

The process of validation involves determining whether the software's (the finished product's) genuine needs and expectations have been satisfied.

Verification and validation procedures must be performed before software testing is considered complete. The primary components of the software testing pipeline are verification and validation since they:

  • Make sure the finished product complies with the design specifications.
  • Reduce the likelihood of product failure and faults.
  • Ensure that the product meets the requirements for quality and the expectations of all parties.


The process of confirming if the software in question was created and developed in accordance with predetermined requirements is known as verification. The inputs used in the software development process are specifications. Any software application's code is created using the requirements document as a guide.

At every stage of the development life cycle, verification is performed to see if the software being produced has complied with these criteria. The verification makes sure that the code logic adheres to the requirements.

The software testing team employs a variety of methods of verification, including inspection, code reviews, technical reviews, and walkthroughs, depending on the complexity and breadth of the software program. To generate predictions about the software and confirm its code logic, software testing teams may also employ mathematical models and calculations.

Verification also determines whether the software team is correctly developing the product. The process of verification runs continuously until the software application is validated and made available, starting well before the process of validation.

The following are the verification's key benefits:

  • At every level of the software development process, it serves as a quality gateway.
  • It makes it possible for software teams to create products that satisfy both design requirements and consumer needs.
  • By identifying the flaws early on in the software development process, time is saved.
  • Defects that could occur later in the software development process are decreased or eliminated.


Validation is frequently carried out after the entire software development process is finished. It determines if the customer received the expected merchandise. Validation does not consider internal operations or technical details of the development process; it just considers the outcome.

Validation assists in determining whether the software development team produced the best result. Once the verifications are finished, the validation process can begin. Software teams frequently employ a variety of validation techniques, such as Black Box Testing and White Box Testing (also known as non-functional testing or structural/design testing) (functional testing).

White box testing is a technique that uses a predetermined set of inputs and data to validate the software application. In this instance, testers merely contrast the output values with the input values to see if the application is generating output in accordance with the requirements.

The Black Box Testing approach depends on three key factors (input values, output values, and expected output values). This technique is used to determine whether the software's actual output matches its predicted or expected result.

Principal benefits of validation procedures include:

  • It guarantees that all stakeholders' expectations are met.
  • If there is a discrepancy between the actual product and the anticipated product, it enables software teams to take corrective action.
  • It increases the final product's dependability.


Software engineering includes verification and validation as essential components. A software team might not be able to provide a product that fulfills stakeholders' expectations without thorough verification and validation. The odds of a product failing are decreased, and the reliability of the finished product is increased, thanks to verification and validation.

Verification and validation are used across various project management and software development methodologies. For instance, the agile development technique combines verification and validation because the system must be improved continuously depending on end-user feedback.

Automation tools created with low code development can be used by testers to speed up the verification and validation procedures.