JSON and XML are text-based, human-readable file formats that can be created, read, and decoded in real-world software. Both are hierarchical text notations for data exchange that are not language-specific.

Despite sharing some characteristics, they vary in several ways, including data formats, verbosity, tool stack, etc. While JSON is a compact open-standard format for data interchange extended from JavaScript, XML is a text-based markup language focusing on business-to-business operations on the World Wide Web. This article will go through the key differences between XML and JSON.

What is XML?

Extensible Markup Language is known as XML. It is a markup language for text that evolved from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). In contrast to HTML tags, which are utilised to display the data, XML tags identify the data and are employed to store and arrange the data.

The primary advantage of XML is the ability to transfer data from programs like Microsoft SQL into XML and then share that XML with other platforms and programs. Even though communication between platforms is typically highly challenging, it is possible.


    <firstName>Board</firstName> <lastName> Infinity</lastName>
    <firstName>Coding</firstName> <lastName>Champs</lastName>
    <firstName>XML</firstName> <lastName>JSON</lastName>

What is JSON?

JSON, which stands for JavaScript Object Notation, is a text-based open standard format created to exchange human-readable data. It is a data format that is not language specific. Almost all languages, frameworks, and libraries are supported.

In contrast to XML, JSON adopts a concise style to enhance its users' readability. When dealing with a complicated system, JSON frequently offers significant improvements.


  { "firstName": "Board", "lastName": "Infinity" },
  { "firstName": "Coding", "lastName": "Champs" },
  { "firstName": "XML", "lastName": "JSON" }


XML is a reduced version of SGML that is used to store and display structured data in a machine- and human-readable manner. It is a markup language that adds information to plain text, making it easier to understand.

On the other hand, JSON, based on JavaScript object syntax, is a lightweight data-interchange format used to describe hierarchical data. No doubt, one can convert XML to JSON JavaScript.

Since JSON lacks start and end tags and is more data-oriented with less duplication than XML, it is a perfect substitute for exchanging data via XML.

In contrast, XML requires more characters to convey the same data.

The following are the key XML and JSON differences:



JSON objects have a type.

XML data has no types.

JSON supports the following data types: string, number, array, and Boolean.

All XML data should be strings.

Data may be accessed easily as JSON objects.

It's necessary to parse XML data.

The vast majority of browsers support JSON.

XML parsing across browsers may be challenging.

JSON is incapable of being displayed.

Because XML is a markup language, it can display data.

JSON supports only text and integer data types.

Numerous data kinds, including text, photos, graphs, charts, and numbers, are supported by XML. It also offers possibilities for integrating actual data with the structure or format of the data.

It is simple to retrieve a value.

Value retrieval is challenging.

Backed by several Ajax toolkits.

The Ajax toolbox does not provide complete support.

Deserialising and serialising JavaScript in an automated manner.

Developers must write JavaScript code to serialise and de-serialise data from XML.

Native assistance for objects.

Conventions must be used to express the object, most commonly by omitting attributes and components.

Only the UTF-8 encoding is supported.

It is capable of different encoding.

Comments are not supported.

It backs up statements.

Compared to XML, JSON files are simpler to understand.

XML texts are more challenging to read and understand.

It does not support namespaces.

Namespaces are supported.

It is less secure.

It has a higher level of security than JSON.


JSON and XML are the two most widely used file formats for exchanging data, yet they have different uses. Both are text-based, human-readable formats that adhere to well-established open Web standards. JSON is data-oriented, whereas XML is document-oriented, which is one of their key distinctions. Both are basic, simple to learn, and irrespective of language, yet each is used for its advantages.