A group of objects kept in consecutive memory regions is known as an array. The goal is to group objects of the same category for storage. As a result, it is simpler to determine each element's position by simply adding an offset to a base value, or the address in memory where the array's first element is stored (usually denoted by the name of the array).
Understanding through an Example
For the sake of simplicity, imagine a flight of stairs with a value (let's say, one of your buddies) placed on each step. Any of your pals may be located here by merely knowing how many steps they have left to go. Python has a module called array that can deal with arrays. When we need to work with only certain data type values, they may be helpful. Lists may be used as arrays by the user. The type of elements kept in a list cannot, however, be restricted by the user. All elements of an array that is created using the array module must be of the same type.
Python's array module can be imported to create an array. An array can be created by using the syntax array(data type, value list), which takes two arguments: a data type and a value list.
The Array can have elements added to it by using the built-in insert() method. One or maybe more data elements can be added to an array using the insert command. A new element may be added to the array at its beginning, end, or any specified index. The value specified in its arguments can also be added at the end of the array using the append() function.
Refer to the index number in order to access the array's elements. To retrieve a specific item in an array, use the index operator . An integer must make up the index.
By utilizing the array's built-in remove() function, elements can be deleted, however if the element doesn't already exist in the set, an error is raised. Iterators are used to delete a range of elements because the Remove() function only removes a single element at a time. However, by default, the pop() function simply removes the final member of the array. To remove an element from a specified place in the array, the element's index is supplied as a parameter to the pop() method. Note: The List's Remove function only eliminates the first instance of the search element.
Slicing of an Array
There are several ways to print the entire array of items in a Python array, but we utilize the Slice operation to display a selected range of elements from the array. The array is subjected to a slice operation using a colon (:). Use [:Index] to print elements from beginning to range, [:-Index] to print elements from range to end, [Index:] to print elements from particular Index to end, [Start Index:End Index] to print elements within range, and [:] to print whole List using slicing operation. Additionally, use [::-1] to print the entire array in reverse order.
Searching element in a Array
We utilize the index() function that is built into Python to search for a specific element in the array. The index of the first time a value stated in parameters appears is returned by this method.
Updating Elements in a Array
We just assign a new value to the target index we wish to change to modify an element in the array.